Friday, February 27, 2004
The Lapps, i.e. Saami, use the term Kauli for their skilled dogs (so I am told by Tapio Honkanen in my e-mail correspondence with him about the origin of words similar to Kaulins).
This indicates that my analysis of "old bones", as meaning "knowledgeable due to experience" is a likely etymology, fitting also with the Celtic language, for, as written at ceantar.org (search all dictionaries)
tame, callaidh (M`A., also Sh., who gives the meaning "active" to the last form); cf. Welsh call, wise; from Latin callidus?
wise, sover, Irish céillidhe; from ciall.
sense, understanding, Irish, Old Irish ciall, Welsh pwyll, Cornish pull, Breton poell, *qeislâ: Indo-European qei, observe, see, shine; Greek @Gpinutós, wise; Sanskrit cetati, perceive, cittam, thought, cino@-ti, discover; further German heiter, clear."
we also have, from the same source
a club, bludgeon, Irish, Early Irish cuaille, *kaullio-; Greek @Gkaulós, stalk; Latin caulis, stalk; Lithuanian káulas, a bone (Stokes). It may, however, be for *coud-s-lio-, from qoud, Latin cûdo, strike. "
That latter idea about the Latin origin is absolute nonsense, complete idiocy by the linguists.
The Sumerian language has
"KALAM = Sumer as a nation which is Latvian GALMs seat of rule"
The Old Kingdom Pharaonic Egyptian dictionary by Rainer Hannig has
qrht i.e. kauriete meaning the "original nobility" or "ancestry" of a people, i.e. it looks like "old bones" again since qrs i.e. kauris in the next following Pharaonic word in that same dictionary means "burial" so I imagine that means "bones" especially since two pages later the idiom qs (which is false, it should be qrs based on previous similar words in the dictionary) means in fact "bones".
Interesting in this regard is also the Latvian word kālis meaning "Swede or "Swedish turnip".
Tapio honkanen has written to me that kaali also means cabbage in Finnish.
But the similar term German Kohl also means cabbage, so the common root is surely e.g. a term similar to Latvian GAL-va meaning "head", since cabbages will have been named for being like heads or skulls (i.e. bones in this sense). So through the relationship of skull (bone of the head) - head - skill - wisdom - elder you have a logical combination of terms as to root of kaul- with the concept of "head" giving the idea of "wise", as in the Celtic terms, or, as we say today, brains.
I have written elsewhere about the Mark of Kahn, the wise men of the Hebrews.
But kaul- is a very old Indo-European term, quite clearly going far back beyond any Biblical times, so that Kaulin may in fact have preceded Cohen, i.e. Kau(l)en.
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