Tuesday, January 04, 2011

Kaulins and Ancient Greek Terms

Kaulins and Ancient Greek Terms

The source

Henry George Liddell & Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon, rev. and augm. throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1940, online at Perseus 4.0 (aka Perseus Hopper), Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University,  Gregory R. Crane, Editor-in-Chief, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dpe%2Flekus


a Greek Dictionary Headword Search, by which a search e.g. for the root of the surname Kaulins can be made in Ancient Greek.

Entering "kaul" gives the following results, showing how this tool can be used for research:
καυλεῖον LSJ 0 0 [unavailable] καυλέω LSJ 30 0 form a stalk καυληδόν LSJ 0 0 like a stalk καυλίας LSJ 0 0 extracted from a stalk καυλικός LSJ 0 0 like a stalk, cauline καυλίνης LSJ 0 0 a kind of καύλινος LSJ, Middle Liddell 0 0 made of a stalk καυλίον LSJ 0 0 sea-weed καυλίσκος LSJ 1 1 branch of a candlestick καυλίζομαι LSJ 0 0 have a shaft καυλοειδής LSJ 0 0 like a stem καυλοφορέω LSJ 0 0 run to stalk καυλοκινάρα LSJ 0 0 artichoke stem, καυλοκλυστήρ LSJ 0 0 [unavailable] καυλοκοπία LSJ 0 0 cutting of stalks καυλομύκητες LSJ, Middle Liddell 0 0 stalk-fungi καυλοπώλης LSJ 0 0 greengrocer καυλός LSJ, Middle Liddell, Autenrieth 63 33 spear-shaft καυλώδης LSJ 0 0 running to stem καυλωτός LSJ 0 0 with a stalk
The most frequent term is:
καυλός , o(,
A. stem of a plant (opp. στέλεχος, of trees, Thphr.HP1.1.9), Epich.158, Ar.Eq.824 (anap.); κ. σιλφίου ib.894; σίλφιον ὀπὸς κ.Hp.Acut.37; called “ἐκ Κυρήνης κ.Hermipp.63.4; “κ. ἐκ ΚαρχηδόνοςEub.19; “κ. ΛίβυςAntiph.217.13, cf. 325; “κράμβηςBGU1118.12 (pl., i B.C.), cf. Dsc.2.120, Archig. ap. Gal.13.331.
3. of various tubular structures in animals, πτεροῦ καυλός quill part of a feather, Pl.Phdr.251b, cf. Arist. HA504a31; neck of the bladder, ib.497a20; duct of the penis, ib. 510a26; cervix uteri, ib.510b11; ovipositor of locusts, ib.555b21.
4. shank of a fish-hook, Opp.H.3.148.
II. vegetable of the cabbage kind, cole, kail, cauliflower, Alex.127.5, Anaxandr.41.58 (pl.), Eub.7.3 (pl.).
III. membrum virile, Hp.Int.14, D.S.32.11, Gal.UP14.12, Ruf.Onom.101, etc. (Cf. Lat.caulus, caulis, Lith. kaáulas 'bone'.)
Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones. with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1940. The National Science Foundation provided support for entering this text.

No comments:

Post a Comment